Collagen XII: Protecting bone and muscle integrity by organizing collagen fibrils.

Chiquet, Matthias; Birk, David E; Bönnemann, Carsten G; Koch, Manuel (2014). Collagen XII: Protecting bone and muscle integrity by organizing collagen fibrils. International journal of biochemistry & cell biology, 53, pp. 51-54. Elsevier 10.1016/j.biocel.2014.04.020

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Collagen XII, largest member of the fibril-associated collagens with interrupted triple helix (FACIT) family, assembles from three identical α-chains encoded by the COL12A1 gene. The molecule consists of three threadlike N-terminal noncollagenous NC3 domains, joined by disulfide bonds and a short interrupted collagen triple helix toward the C-terminus. Splice variants differ considerably in size and properties: "small" collagen XIIB (220 kDa subunit) is similar to collagen XIV, whereas collagen XIIA (350 kDa) has a much larger NC3 domain carrying glycosaminoglycan chains. Collagen XII binds to collagen I-containing fibrils via its collagenous domain, whereas its large noncollagenous arms interact with other matrix proteins such as tenascin-X. In dense connective tissues and bone, collagen XII is thought to regulate organization and mechanical properties of collagen fibril bundles. Accordingly, recent findings show that collagen XII mutations cause Ehlers-Danlos/myopathy overlap syndrome associated with skeletal abnormalities and muscle weakness in mice and humans.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Orthodontics

UniBE Contributor:

Chiquet, Matthias

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1357-2725

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

21 Nov 2014 10:06

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2017 12:15

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.biocel.2014.04.020

PubMed ID:

24801612

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Bethlem myopathy, Collagen XII, Collagen fiber, Ehlers–Danlos syndrome, Osteogenesis

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.60249

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/60249

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