Self-esteem, coping styles, and quality of life in polish adolescents and young adults with unilateral cleft lip and palate.

Pisula, Ewa; Lukowska, Ewa; Fudalej, Piotr (2014). Self-esteem, coping styles, and quality of life in polish adolescents and young adults with unilateral cleft lip and palate. Cleft palate-craniofacial journal, 51(3), pp. 290-299. American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association 10.1597/13-002

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Objectives : To evaluate self-esteem, coping styles, and health-related quality of life and their relationships in Polish adolescents and young adults with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate and related sex differences. Design and Participants : Self-report questionnaires measuring self-esteem (Multidimensional Self-Esteem Inventory), coping styles (Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations), and health-related quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF) were completed by 48 participants with cleft lip and palate (age, 16 to 23 years; 31 males, 17 females) and 48 controls without cleft lip and palate (age, 16 to 23 years; 28 males, 20 females) matched for age, place of residence, and socioeconomic status. Results : Regarding self-esteem, individuals with cleft lip and palate scored higher on body functioning (P < .01) and defensive self-enhancement (P < .05). Self-control showed an interaction effect: Females with cleft lip and palate scored higher than controls, but males did not differ between groups (P < .05). Males with cleft lip and palate scored lower than controls in personal power but higher in body functioning (P < .05); females showed no differences between groups. The groups did not differ with regard to coping styles or quality of life, but several correlations were found between self-esteem and coping styles, and quality of life (P < .01). Conclusions : Late adolescents and young adults with and without cleft lip and palate differed little in terms of psychological adjustment measures. The higher scores in defensive self-enhancement of individuals with cleft lip and palate suggest the need for instruments measuring social approval in psychosocial adjustment research involving this group.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Orthodontics

UniBE Contributor:

Fudalej, Piotr

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1055-6656

Publisher:

American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

21 Nov 2014 12:03

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2017 12:15

Publisher DOI:

10.1597/13-002

PubMed ID:

23902271

Uncontrolled Keywords:

cleft palate, coping styles, health-related quality of life, self-esteem, unilateral cleft lip and palate, youth and adult

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.60269

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/60269

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