Suitability of Common Collagen Scaffolds for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Repair

Horovitz, Rachel; Ahmad, Sufian; Chan, Samantha; Kohl, Sabine; Gantenbein, Benjamin (9 June 2014). Suitability of Common Collagen Scaffolds for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Repair. Journal of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, 8(Suppl. 1), pp. 414-415. John Wiley & Sons 10.1002/term.1932

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Introduction: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are very common; in Germany incidence of ACL ruptures is estimated at 32 per 100 000 in the general population and in the sports community this rate more than doubles. Current gold standard for anterior cruciate lig- ament repair is reconstruction using an autograft [1]. However, this approach has shown some limitations. A new method has been her- alded by the Knee Team at the Bern University Hospital (Inselspital) and the Sonnenhof clinic called Dynamic Intraligamentary Stabilization (DIS), which keeps ACL remnants in place in order to promote biologi- cal healing and makes use of a dynamic screw system [2]. The aim of this study was to investigate the cytocompatibility of collagen patches in combination with DIS to support regeneration of the ACL. The spe- cific hypothesis we tested was whether MSCs would differentiate towards TCs in co-culture.
Materials and methods: Primary Tenocytes (TCs) and human bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were harvested from ACL removed during knee prothesis or from bone marrow aspirations (Ethical Permit 187/10). Cells were seeded on two types of three dimensional carriers currently approved for cartilage repair, Novocart (NC, B. Brown) and Chondro-Gide (CG, Geistlich). These scaffolds comprise collagen structures with interconnecting pores originally developed for seeding of chondrocytes in the case of CG. ~40k cells were seeded on punched zylindrical cores of 8 mm in Ø and cultured on CG or NC patches for up to 7 days. The cells were either cultured as TC only, MSC only or co-cultured in a 1:1 mix on the scaffolds and on both sides of culture inserts (PET, high density pore Ø 0.4 mm, BD, Fal- con) with cell-cell contact. We monitored DNA content, GAG and HOP-content, tracked the cells using DIL and DIO fluorescent dyes (Molecular Probes, Life technologies) and confocal laser scanning and SEM microscopy as well as RT-PCR of tenocyte specific markers (i.e. col 1 and 3, TNC, TNMD, SCXA&B, and markers of dedifferentiation ACAN, col2, MMP3, MMP13). Finally, H&E stain was interpreted on cryosections and SEM images of cells on the scaffold were taken. Results: ThecLSMimagesshowedcellproliferationoverthe7dayson both matrices, however, on CG there were much fewer MSCs attached than on NC. SEM images showed a roundish chondrocyte-like pheno- type of cells on CG whereas on NC the phenotype was more teno- cyte-like (Fig. 1). Gene expression of both, MSC and TC seem to confirm a more favorable environment in 3D for both patches rather than monolayer control.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute for Surgical Technology & Biomechanics ISTB [discontinued]
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Orthopaedic Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Horovitz, Rachel, Ahmad, Sufian, Chan, Samantha (A), Kohl, Sabine, Gantenbein, Benjamin


500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
600 Technology > 620 Engineering




John Wiley & Sons




Benjamin Gantenbein

Date Deposited:

10 Dec 2014 10:49

Last Modified:

29 Mar 2023 23:34

Publisher DOI:





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