Mesenchymal stem cells and collagen patches for anterior cruciate ligament repair

Gantenbein, Benjamin; Gadhari, N.; Chan, S. C. W.; Kohl, S.; Ahmad, S. (2015). Mesenchymal stem cells and collagen patches for anterior cruciate ligament repair. World journal of stem cells, 7(2), pp. 521-534. Genova, Italy: Baishideng Publishing Group 10.4252/wjsc.v7.i2.521

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AIM: To investigate collagen patches seeded with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and/or tenocytes (TCs) with regards to their suitability for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) repair.
METHODS: Dynamic Intraligamentary Stabilization (DIS) utilizes a dynamic screw system to keep ACL remnants in place and promote biological healing, supplemented by collagen patches. How these scaffolds interact with cells and what type of benefit they provide has not yet been investigated in detail. Primary ACL-derived TCs and human bone marrow derived MSCs were seeded onto two different types of 3D collagen scaffolds, Chondro-Gide® (CG) and Novocart® (NC). Cells were seeded onto the scaffolds and cultured for 7 days either as a pure populations or as “premix” containing a 1 : 1 ratio of TCs to MSCs. Additionally, as controls, cells were seeded in monolayers and in co-cultures on both sides of porous high-density membrane inserts (0.4µm). We analyzed the patches by real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), glycosaminoglycan (GAG), DNA and hydroxy-proline (HYP) content, was determined. To determine cell spreading and adherence in the scaffolds microscopic imaging techniques, i.e. confocal laser scanning microscopy (cLSM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), were applied.
RESULTS: CLSM and SEM imaging analysis confirmed cell adherence onto scaffolds. The metabolic cell activity revealed that patches promote adherence and proliferation of cells. The most dramatic increase in absolute metabolic cell activity was measured for CG samples seeded with tenocytes or a 1:1 cell premix. Analysis of DNA content and cLSM imaging also indicated MSCs were not proliferating as nicely as tenocytes on CG. The HYP to GAG ratio significantly changed for the premix group, resulting from a slightly lower GAG content, demonstrating that the cells are modifying the underlying matrix. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction data indicated that MSCs showed a trend of differentiation towards a more tenogenic-like phenotype after 7 days.
CONCLUSION: CG and NC are both cyto-compatible with primary MSCs and TCs; TCs seemed to perform better on these collagen patches than MSCs.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute for Surgical Technology & Biomechanics ISTB [discontinued]

UniBE Contributor:

Gantenbein, Benjamin


500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
600 Technology > 620 Engineering




Baishideng Publishing Group




Benjamin Gantenbein

Date Deposited:

24 Dec 2014 08:59

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:38

Publisher DOI:


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