How involved are they really? A comparative network analysis of the institutional drivers of local actor inclusion

Ingold, Karin (2014). How involved are they really? A comparative network analysis of the institutional drivers of local actor inclusion. Land use policy, 39, pp. 376-387. Elsevier Science 10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.01.013

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Different socio-economic and environmental drivers lead local communities in mountain regions to adapt land use practices and engage in protection policies. The political system also has to develop new approaches to adapt to those drivers. Local actors are the target group of those policy approaches, and the question arises of if and how much those actors are consulted or even integrated into the design of local land use and protection policies. This article addresses this question by comparing seven different case studies in Swiss mountain regions. Through a formal social network analysis, the inclusion of local actors in collaborative policy networks is investigated and compared to the involvement of other stakeholders representing the next higher sub-national or national decisional levels. Results show that there is a significant difference (1) in how local actors are embedded compared to other stakeholders; and (2) between top-down versus bottom-up designed policy processes.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


03 Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences > Social Sciences > Institute of Political Science
10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)

UniBE Contributor:

Ingold, Karin Mirjam


300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 320 Political science




Elsevier Science




Monika Wälti-Stampfli

Date Deposited:

22 Dec 2014 17:02

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:38

Publisher DOI:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Land use change, Collaborative policy networks, Mountain regions, Local communities, Social network analysis




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