Use of contrast-enhanced fluid-attenuated inversion recovery sequence to detect brain lesions in dogs and cats.

Merhof, Kristina; Lang, Johann; Dürr, Salome Esther; Precht, Maria Christina; Gorgas, Daniela (2014). Use of contrast-enhanced fluid-attenuated inversion recovery sequence to detect brain lesions in dogs and cats. Journal of veterinary internal medicine, 28(4), pp. 1263-1267. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/jvim.12384

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BACKGROUND The diagnostic value of a contrast-enhanced T2-weighted FLAIR sequence (ceFLAIR) in brain imaging is unclear. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES That the number of brain lesions detected with ceFLAIR would be no greater than the sum of lesions detected with nFLAIR and ceT1W sequence. ANIMALS One hundred and twenty-nine animals (108 dogs and 21 cats) undergoing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the head between July 2010 and October 2011 were included in the study. METHODS A transverse ceFLAIR was added to a standard brain MRI protocol. Presence and number of lesions were determined based on all available MRI sequences by 3 examiners in consensus and lesion visibility was evaluated for nFLAIR, ceFLAIR, and ceT1W sequences. RESULTS Eighty-three lesions (58 intra-axial and 25 extra-axial) were identified in 51 patients. Five lesions were detected with nFLAIR alone, 2 with ceT1W alone, and 1 with ceFLAIR alone. Significantly higher numbers of lesions were detected using ceFLAIR than nFLAIR (76 versus 67 lesions; P = 0.04), in particular for lesions also detected with ceT1W images (53 versus 40; P =.01). There was no significant difference between the number of lesions detected with combined nFLAIR and ceT1W sequences compared to those detected with ceFLAIR (82 versus 76; P =.25). CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE Use of ceFLAIR as a complementary sequence to nFLAIR and ceT1W sequences did not improve the detection of brain lesions and cannot be recommended as part of a routine brain MRI protocol in dogs and cats with suspected brain lesions.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > Veterinary Public Health / Herd Health Management
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DKV - Clinical Radiology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Veterinary Public Health Institute
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

Merhof, Kristina; Lang, Johann; Dürr, Salome Esther; Precht, Maria Christina and Schweizer, Daniela Esther

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0891-6640

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Daniela Esther Schweizer

Date Deposited:

17 Dec 2014 17:17

Last Modified:

09 Nov 2018 07:39

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/jvim.12384

PubMed ID:

24962604

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Contrast enhancement, Intracranial lesions, Magnetic resonance imaging

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.60935

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/60935

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