The quiet eye without a target: The primacy of visual information processing

Klostermann, André; Kredel, Ralf; Hossner, Ernst-Joachim (2014). The quiet eye without a target: The primacy of visual information processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 40(6), pp. 2167-2178. American Psychological Association 10.1037/a0038222

[img] Text
Klostermann et al.(2014).QE without a target.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (318kB) | Request a copy

Motor-performance-enhancing effects of long final fixations before movement initiation – a phenomenon called Quiet Eye (QE) – have repeatedly been demonstrated. Drawing on the information-processing framework, it is assumed that the QE supports information processing revealed by the close link between QE duration and task demands concerning, in particular, response selection and movement parameterisation. However, the question remains whether the suggested mechanism also holds for processes referring to stimulus identification. Thus, in a series of two experiments, performance in a targeting task was tested as a function of experimentally manipulated visual processing demands as well as experimentally manipulated QE durations. The results support the suggested link because a performance-enhancing QE effect was found under increased visual processing demands only: Whereas QE duration did not affect performance as long as positional information was preserved (Experiment 1), in the full vs. no target visibility comparison, QE efficiency turned out to depend on information processing time as soon as the interval falls below a certain threshold (Experiment 2). Thus, the results rather contradict alternative, e.g., posture-based explanations of QE effects and support the assumption that the crucial mechanism behind the QE phenomenon is rooted in the cognitive domain.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Movement and Exercise Science

UniBE Contributor:

Klostermann, André, Kredel, Ralf, Hossner, Ernst-Joachim


700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment




American Psychological Association




André Klostermann

Date Deposited:

23 Dec 2014 15:07

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:38

Publisher DOI:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

quiet eye, gaze behaviour, motor performance, postural control, precision task




Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback