Classes of multichannel EEG microstates in light and deep hypnotic conditions

Katayama, Hitoshi; Gianotti, Lorena; Isotani, Toshiaki; Faber, Pascal L; Sasada, Kyohei; Kinoshita, Toshihiko; Lehmann, Dietrich (2007). Classes of multichannel EEG microstates in light and deep hypnotic conditions. Brain topography, 20(1), pp. 7-14. Springer 10.1007/s10548-007-0024-3

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The study assessed the brain electric mechanisms of light and deep hypnotic conditions in the framework of EEG temporal microstates. Multichannel EEG of healthy volunteers during initial resting, light hypnosis, deep hypnosis, and eventual recovery was analyzed into temporal EEG microstates of four classes. Microstates are defined by the spatial configuration of their potential distribution maps ([Symbol: see text]potential landscapes') on the head surface. Because different potential landscapes must have been generated by different active neural assemblies, it is reasonable to assume that they also incorporate different brain functions. The observed four microstate classes were very similar to the four standard microstate classes A, B, C, D [Koenig, T. et al. Neuroimage, 2002;16: 41-8] and were labeled correspondingly. We expected a progression of microstate characteristics from initial resting to light to deep hypnosis. But, all three microstate parameters (duration, occurrence/second and %time coverage) yielded values for initial resting and final recovery that were between those of the two hypnotic conditions of light and deep hypnosis. Microstates of the classes B and D showed decreased duration, occurrence/second and %time coverage in deep hypnosis compared to light hypnosis; this was contrary to microstates of classes A and C which showed increased values of all three parameters. Reviewing the available information about microstates in other conditions, the changes from resting to light hypnosis in certain respects are reminiscent of changes to meditation states, and changes to deep hypnosis of those in schizophrenic states.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Social Neuroscience and Social Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Gianotti, Lorena


100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology








Lorena Gianotti

Date Deposited:

24 Dec 2014 10:36

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:38

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

EEG Microstates, Hypnosis, Multichannel EEG, Schizophrenia, Meditation




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