Stacking of discontinuous regional palaeoclimate records: Chironomid-based summer temperatures from the Alpine region

Heiri, Oliver; Ilyashuk, Boris; Millet, Laurent; Samartin, Stéphanie; Lotter, André F. (2015). Stacking of discontinuous regional palaeoclimate records: Chironomid-based summer temperatures from the Alpine region. Holocene, 25(1), pp. 137-149. Sage 10.1177/0959683614556382

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Since multi-site reconstructions are less affected by site-specific climatic effects and artefacts, regional palaeotemperature reconstructions based on a number of sites can provide more robust estimates of centennial- to millennial-scale temperature trends than individual, site-specific records. Furthermore, reconstructions based on multiple records are necessary for developing continuous climate records over time scales longer than covered by individual sequences. Here, we present a procedure for developing such reconstructions based on relatively short (centuries to millennia), discontinuously sampled records as are typically developed when using biotic proxies in lake sediments for temperature reconstruction. The approach includes an altitudinal correction of temperatures, an interpolation of individual records to equal time intervals, a stacking procedure for sections of the interval of interest that have the same records available, as well as a splicing procedure to link the individual stacked records into a continuous reconstruction. Variations in the final, stacked and spliced reconstruction are driven by variations in the individual records, whereas the absolute temperature values are determined by the stacked segment based on the largest number of records. With numerical simulations based on the NGRIP δ18O record, we demonstrate that the interpolation and stacking procedure provides an approximation of a smoothed palaeoclimate record if based on a sufficient number of discontinuously sampled records. Finally, we provide an example of a stacked and spliced palaeotemperature reconstruction 15000–90 calibrated 14C yr BP based on six chironomid records from the northern and central Swiss Alps and eastern France to discuss the potential and limitations of this approach.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)
10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Palaeoecology

UniBE Contributor:

Heiri, Oliver; Samartin, Stéphanie and Lotter, André F.

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0959-6836

Publisher:

Sage

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

23 Dec 2014 10:46

Last Modified:

08 Sep 2015 11:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1177/0959683614556382

Uncontrolled Keywords:

chironomids, Holocene, lake sediment, Lateglacial, palaeoclimate, temperature reconstruction

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.61257

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/61257

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