S-nitroso albumin enhances bone formation in a rabbit calvaria model.

Fügl, A; Gasser, H; Watzak, G; Bucher, A; Feierfeil, J; Jürgens, G; Watzek, G; Hallström, S; Gruber, Reinhard (2014). S-nitroso albumin enhances bone formation in a rabbit calvaria model. International journal of oral & maxillofacial surgery, 43(3), pp. 381-386. Elsevier 10.1016/j.ijom.2013.06.018

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Nitric oxide (NO) is a mediator involved in bone regeneration. We therefore examined the effect of the novel NO donor, S-nitroso human serum albumin (S-NO-HSA) on bone formation in a rabbit calvaria augmentation model. Circular grooves (8 mm diameter, two per animal) were created by a trephine drill in the cortical bone of 40 rabbits and titanium caps were placed on the rabbit calvaria bone filled with a collagen sponge soaked with either 100 μL S-NO-HSA (5%, 20%) or human albumin (5%, 20%). After 4 weeks the titanium hemispheres were subjected to histological and histomorphometric analysis. Bone formation and the volume of the residual collagen sponge were evaluated. S-NO-HSA treatment groups had a significantly higher volume of newly formed bone underneath the titanium hemispheres compared to the albumin control groups (5%: 15.5 ± 4.0% versus 10.6 ± 2.9%; P < 0.05; 20%: 14.0 ± 4.6% versus 6.0 ± 3.8%; P < 0.01). The volume of residual collagen sponge was also significantly lower in the S-NO-HSA groups compared to the control groups (5%: 0.4 ± 0.5% versus 2.6 ± 2.4%; P < 0.05 and 20%: 1.5 ± 2.7% versus 13.0 ± 18.7%; P < 0.01). This study demonstrates for the first time that S-NO-HSA promotes bone formation by slow NO release. Additionally, S-NO-HSA increases collagen sponge degradation.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Oral Surgery Research

UniBE Contributor:

Gruber, Reinhard


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

22 Jan 2015 11:34

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:39

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

augmentation, bone regeneration, guided bone regeneration, nitric oxide, rabbit





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