The shape of a bone scraper: an in vitro pilot study using porcine bone chips.

Kuchler, U; Schmid, C; Buser, D; Gruber, Reinhard (2014). The shape of a bone scraper: an in vitro pilot study using porcine bone chips. International journal of oral & maxillofacial surgery, 43(7), pp. 879-882. Elsevier 10.1016/j.ijom.2013.11.014

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Bone scrapers are commonly used to harvest autologous bone in oral and implant surgery. The angle of the cutting blade is a variable that distinguishes bone scrapers. In the present study, the impact of the angle of the cutting blade on the in vitro characteristics of harvested bone was determined. Bone scrapers with blade angles of 15°, 25°, 35°, 45°, and 55° were used to harvest porcine cortical mandibular bone. The number and characteristics of the cells that grew out from the bone chips were examined. The data showed that, independent of the angle of the cutting blade, viable cells were barely detectable in fresh bone grafts. However, cells with a fibroblastic morphology appeared within 1 week in the culture dishes. After 21 days, the number of cells did not differ significantly between the five preparations. Moreover, cells responded to incubation with bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP-7) with an increased alkaline phosphatase activity, irrespective of the preparation. The data suggest that bone scrapers with different cutting angles produce bone chips with comparable in vitro characteristics.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Oral Surgery Research

UniBE Contributor:

Gruber, Reinhard


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

22 Jan 2015 11:30

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:39

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

angle, bone chips, bone scraper, in vitro, osteoblast




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