L-mimosine and dimethyloxaloylglycine decrease plasminogen activation in periodontal fibroblasts

Wehner, Christian; Gruber, Reinhard; Agis, Hermann (2014). L-mimosine and dimethyloxaloylglycine decrease plasminogen activation in periodontal fibroblasts. Journal of periodontology, 85(4), pp. 627-635. American Academy of Periodontology 10.1902/jop.2013.120703

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BACKGROUND The use of prolyl hydroxylase inhibitors such as l-mimosine (L-MIM) and dimethyloxaloylglycine (DMOG) to improve angiogenesis is a new approach for periodontal regeneration. In addition to exhibiting pro-angiogenic effects, prolyl hydroxylase inhibitors can modulate the plasminogen activator system in cells from non-oral tissues. This study assesses the effect of prolyl hydroxylase inhibitors on plasminogen activation by fibroblasts from the periodontium. METHODS Gingival and periodontal ligament fibroblasts were incubated with L-MIM and DMOG. To investigate whether prolyl hydroxylase inhibitors modulate the net plasminogen activation, kinetic assays were performed with and without interleukin (IL)-1. Moreover, plasminogen activators and the respective inhibitors were analyzed by casein zymography, immune assays, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS The kinetic assay showed that L-MIM and DMOG reduced plasminogen activation under basal and IL-1-stimulated conditions. Casein zymography revealed that the effect of L-MIM involves a decrease in urokinase-type plasminogen activator activity. In agreement with these findings, reduced levels of urokinase-type plasminogen activator and elevated levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 were observed. CONCLUSION L-MIM and DMOG can reduce plasminogen activation by fibroblasts from the gingiva and the periodontal ligament under basal conditions and in the presence of an inflammatory cytokine.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > School of Dental Medicine, Periodontics Research

UniBE Contributor:

Gruber, Reinhard


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




American Academy of Periodontology




Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

16 Jan 2015 15:56

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2017 12:15

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:






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