Monte Carlo based beam model using a photon MLC for modulated electron radiotherapy

Henzen, Dominik; Manser, Peter; Frei, Daniel; Volken, Werner; Neuenschwander, H; Born, Ernst Johann; Vetterli, Daniel; Chatelain, Cécile; Stampanoni, M F M; Fix, Michael (2014). Monte Carlo based beam model using a photon MLC for modulated electron radiotherapy. Medical physics, 41(2), 021714. American Association of Physicists in Medicine AAPM 10.1118/1.4861711

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PURPOSE Modulated electron radiotherapy (MERT) promises sparing of organs at risk for certain tumor sites. Any implementation of MERT treatment planning requires an accurate beam model. The aim of this work is the development of a beam model which reconstructs electron fields shaped using the Millennium photon multileaf collimator (MLC) (Varian Medical Systems, Inc., Palo Alto, CA) for a Varian linear accelerator (linac). METHODS This beam model is divided into an analytical part (two photon and two electron sources) and a Monte Carlo (MC) transport through the MLC. For dose calculation purposes the beam model has been coupled with a macro MC dose calculation algorithm. The commissioning process requires a set of measurements and precalculated MC input. The beam model has been commissioned at a source to surface distance of 70 cm for a Clinac 23EX (Varian Medical Systems, Inc., Palo Alto, CA) and a TrueBeam linac (Varian Medical Systems, Inc., Palo Alto, CA). For validation purposes, measured and calculated depth dose curves and dose profiles are compared for four different MLC shaped electron fields and all available energies. Furthermore, a measured two-dimensional dose distribution for patched segments consisting of three 18 MeV segments, three 12 MeV segments, and a 9 MeV segment is compared with corresponding dose calculations. Finally, measured and calculated two-dimensional dose distributions are compared for a circular segment encompassed with a C-shaped segment. RESULTS For 15 × 34, 5 × 5, and 2 × 2 cm(2) fields differences between water phantom measurements and calculations using the beam model coupled with the macro MC dose calculation algorithm are generally within 2% of the maximal dose value or 2 mm distance to agreement (DTA) for all electron beam energies. For a more complex MLC pattern, differences between measurements and calculations are generally within 3% of the maximal dose value or 3 mm DTA for all electron beam energies. For the two-dimensional dose comparisons, the differences between calculations and measurements are generally within 2% of the maximal dose value or 2 mm DTA. CONCLUSIONS The results of the dose comparisons suggest that the developed beam model is suitable to accurately reconstruct photon MLC shaped electron beams for a Clinac 23EX and a TrueBeam linac. Hence, in future work the beam model will be utilized to investigate the possibilities of MERT using the photon MLC to shape electron beams.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Radiation Oncology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Radiation Oncology > Medical Radiation Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Henzen, Dominik; Manser, Peter; Frei, Daniel; Volken, Werner; Born, Ernst Johann; Vetterli, Daniel; Chatelain, Cécile and Fix, Michael

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0094-2405

Publisher:

American Association of Physicists in Medicine AAPM

Language:

English

Submitter:

Beatrice Scheidegger

Date Deposited:

03 Mar 2015 10:32

Last Modified:

09 Nov 2015 10:04

Publisher DOI:

10.1118/1.4861711

PubMed ID:

24506605

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.61619

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/61619

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