Diagnosis and management of developmental dysplasia of the hip from triradiate closure through young adulthood

Siebenrock, Klaus-Arno; Steppacher, Simon Damian; Albers, Christoph; Haefeli, Pascal; Tannast, Moritz (2014). Diagnosis and management of developmental dysplasia of the hip from triradiate closure through young adulthood. Instructional course lectures, 63, pp. 325-334. Mosby

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Abstract The current treatment of painful hip dysplasia in the mature skeleton is based on acetabular reorientation. Reorientation procedures attempt to optimize the anatomic position of the hyaline cartilage of the femoral head and acetabulum in regard to mechanical loading. Because the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy is a versatile technique for acetabular reorientation, it is helpful to understand the approach and be familiar with the criteria for an optimal surgical correction. The femoral side bears stigmata of hip dysplasia that may require surgical correction. Improvement of the head-neck offset to avoid femoroacetabular impingement has become routine in many hips treated with periacetabular osteotomy. In addition, intertrochanteric osteotomies can help improve joint congruency and normalize the femoral neck orientation. Other new surgical techniques allow trimming or reducing a severely deformed head, performing a relative neck lengthening, and trimming or distalizing the greater trochanter.  An increasing number of studies have reported good long-term results after acetabular reorientation procedures, with expected joint preservation rates ranging from 80% to 90% at the 10-year follow-up and 60% to 70% at the 20-year follow-up. An ideal candidate is younger than 30 years, with no preoperative signs of osteoarthritis. Predicted joint preservation in these patients is approximately 90% at the 20-year follow-up. Recent evidence indicates that additional correction of an aspheric head may further improve results.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Orthopaedic Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Siebenrock, Klaus-Arno; Steppacher, Simon Damian; Albers, Christoph; Haefeli, Pascal and Tannast, Moritz

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0065-6895

Publisher:

Mosby

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stephanie Schmutz

Date Deposited:

16 Jan 2015 16:02

Last Modified:

16 Jan 2015 16:02

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/61634

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