Oral prophylaxis and its effects on halitosis-associated and inflammatory parameters in patients with chronic periodontitis

Guentsch, A.; Pfister, W.; Cachovan, G.; Raschke, G.; Kuepper, H.; Schaefer, O.; Eick, Sigrun (2014). Oral prophylaxis and its effects on halitosis-associated and inflammatory parameters in patients with chronic periodontitis. International journal of dental hygiene, 12(3), pp. 199-207. Wiley 10.1111/idh.12063

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OBJECTIVE

A controlled clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of oral prophylaxis on halitosis-associated, immunological and microbiological parameters.

METHODS

Thirty subjects were included in this controlled clinical trial (patients with generalized chronic periodontitis and controls without clinical attachment loss; each n = 15). Before oral prophylaxis and 14 days after (including tongue cleaning) volatile sulphur compounds (VSC), organoleptic scores and a tongue coating index were evaluated. The levels of IL-1β, IL-8, IL-10 and MMP-8 were measured in GCF, and also major periodontal pathogens were detected. Data were statistically analysed using anova and paired t-test.

RESULTS

Supragingival plaque and calculus removal with combined tongue cleaning was able to reduce significantly (P < 0.05) the VSC values in both groups (no significant differences between both groups). Two weeks after periodontal debridement, the VSC values were observed in the periodontitis group, but not in the control group, similar to the baseline values. The difference between the groups was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Only a repeated prophylaxis session in the periodontitis group was able to reduce VSC values significantly in comparison with baseline (P < 0.05). Organoleptic scores (10 and 30 cm) were significantly different (P < 0.05) between both groups before and after the treatment. Periodontal pathogens and host-derived markers were not significantly affected by a single prophylaxis session.

CONCLUSIONS

Oral prophylaxis may result in a significant decrease in VSC values. However, in periodontal diseases, a more complex treatment seems to be necessary.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology

UniBE Contributor:

Eick, Sigrun

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1601-5029

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

16 Jan 2015 17:03

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2017 12:15

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/idh.12063

PubMed ID:

24314016

Uncontrolled Keywords:

interleukins, oral prophylaxis, periodontal pathogens, periodontitis, volatile sulphur compounds

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.61675

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/61675

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