Assessment of carotid calcifications on panoramic radiographs in relation to other used methods and relationship to periodontitis and stroke: a literature review

Bengtsson, Viveca Wallin; Persson, Gösta Rutger; Renvert, Stefan (2014). Assessment of carotid calcifications on panoramic radiographs in relation to other used methods and relationship to periodontitis and stroke: a literature review. Acta odontologica scandinavica, 72(6), pp. 401-412. Informa Healthcare 10.3109/00016357.2013.847489

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OBJECTIVES To assess the literature on carotid calcifications defined from panoramic radiographs (PMX) and concurrent diagnosis of stroke and periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS A literature search screening for publications using search terms such as PMX and carotid calcification, stroke and periodontitis was performed in November 2012. RESULTS A total of 189 articles were retrieved, among which 30 were included in the review. The sensitivity for PMX findings of carotid calcifications (CC) compared to a diagnosis by Doppler sonography varied between 31.1-100%. The specificity for PMX findings of carotid calcifications compared to a diagnosis by Doppler sonography varied between 21.4-87.5%. Individuals with CC findings from PMX have more periodontitis and risk for stroke. CONCLUSIONS There is a shortage of well-designed studies in older dentate individuals assessing the associations between periodontitis and radiographic evidence of CC and in relation to stroke or other cardiovascular diseases. STATEMENT OF CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Carotid calcifications are prevalent in patients with periodontitis and such individuals may have an increased risk for stroke. The absence of signs of carotid calcification on panoramic radiographs is indicative of no calcification of carotid arteries.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology

UniBE Contributor:

Persson, Gösta Rutger

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0001-6357

Publisher:

Informa Healthcare

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

16 Jan 2015 17:00

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2017 12:15

Publisher DOI:

10.3109/00016357.2013.847489

PubMed ID:

24432815

Uncontrolled Keywords:

carotid calcification, panoramic radiograph, periodontitis, review

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.61678

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/61678

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