Impact of dental caries and trauma on quality of life among 5- to 6-year-old children: perceptions of parents and children.

Abanto, Jenny; Tsakos, Georgios; Paiva, Saul Martins; Saads Carvalho, Thiago; Raggio, Daniela P; Bönecker, Marcelo (2014). Impact of dental caries and trauma on quality of life among 5- to 6-year-old children: perceptions of parents and children. Community dentistry and oral epidemiology, 42(5), pp. 385-394. Wiley 10.1111/cdoe.12099

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OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of dental caries and traumatic dental injuries (TDI) on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of 5- to 6-year-olds according to both self- and parental reports. METHODS A total of 335 pairs of parents and children who sought dental screening at the Dental School, University of São Paulo, completed the Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for 5-year-old children (SOHO-5), which consists of a child self-report and a parental proxy-report version. Three calibrated examiners assessed the experience of caries according to primary teeth that were decayed, indicated for extraction due to caries, or filled (def-t). TDI were classified into uncomplicated and complicated injuries. Poisson regression models were used to associate the different clinical and sociodemographic factors to the outcome. RESULTS Overall, 74.6% of children reported an oral impact, and the corresponding estimate for parental reports was 70.5%. The mean (standard deviation) SOHO-5 scores in child self-report and parental versions were 3.32(3.22) and 5.18(6.28), respectively. In both versions, caries was associated with worse children's OHRQoL, for the total score and all SOHO-5 items (P < 0.001). In contrast, TDI did not have a negative impact on children's OHRQoL, with the exception of two items of the parental version and one item of the child self-report version. In the final multivariate adjusted models, there was a gradient in the association between caries experience and child's OHRQoL with worse SOHO-5 score at each consecutive level with more severe caries experience, for both child and parental perceptions [RR (CI 95%) = 6.37 (4.71, 8.62) and 10.81 (7.65, 15.27)], respectively. A greater family income had a positive impact on the children's OHRQoL for child and parental versions [RR (CI 95%) = 0.68 (0.49, 0.94) and 0.70 (0.54, 0.90)], respectively. CONCLUSIONS Dental caries, but not TDI, is associated with worse OHRQoL of 5- to 6-year-old children in terms of perceptions of both children and their parents. Families with higher income report better OHRQoL at this age, independent of the presence of oral diseases.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry

UniBE Contributor:

Saads Carvalho, Thiago

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0301-5661

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

26 Jan 2015 14:37

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2017 12:15

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/cdoe.12099

PubMed ID:

24460685

Uncontrolled Keywords:

oral health, pediatric dentistry, quality of life

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.61753

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/61753

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