The histological features and physical properties of eroded dental hard tissues.

Ganss, Carolina; Lussi, Adrian; Schlueter, Nadine (2014). The histological features and physical properties of eroded dental hard tissues. Monographs in oral science, 25, pp. 99-107. Karger 10.1159/000359939

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Erosive demineralisation causes characteristic histological features. In enamel, mineral is dissolved from the surface, resulting in a roughened structure similar to an etching pattern. If the acid impact continues, the initial surface mineral loss turns into bulk tissue loss and with time a visible defect can develop. The microhardness of the remaining surface is reduced, increasing the susceptibility to physical wear. The histology of eroded dentine is much more complex because the mineral component of the tissue is dissolved by acids whereas the organic part is remaining. At least in experimental erosion, a distinct zone of demineralised organic material develops, the thickness of which depends on the acid impact. This structure is of importance for many aspects, e.g. the progression rate or the interaction with active agents and physical impacts, and needs to be considered when quantifying mineral loss. The histology of experimental erosion is increasingly well understood, but there is lack of knowledge about the histology of in vivo lesions. For enamel erosion, it is reasonable to assume that the principal features may be similar, but the fate of the demineralised dentine matrix in the oral cavity is unclear. As dentine lesions normally appear hard clinically, it can be assumed that it is degraded by the variety of enzymes present in the oral cavity. Erosive tooth wear may lead to the formation of reactionary or reparative dentine.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry

UniBE Contributor:

Lussi, Adrian

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0077-0892

Publisher:

Karger

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

26 Jan 2015 15:15

Last Modified:

12 Sep 2017 21:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1159/000359939

PubMed ID:

24993260

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.61763

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/61763

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