The median forehead flap reviewed: a histologic study on vascular anatomy

Skaria, Andreas (2015). The median forehead flap reviewed: a histologic study on vascular anatomy. European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology, 272(5), pp. 1231-1237. Springer 10.1007/s00405-014-3027-1

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Local skin flaps can be divided into two types: random flaps and axial flaps. An axial flap is defined as a flap containing a named artery in its pedicle. For the paramedian forehead flap (PMFF) a lot of surgeons insist on the point that the pedicle must contain the supratrochlear artery. To demonstrate that median forehead flaps (MFF) need not contain a named artery, we selected first 8 patients with a PMFF and further 12 patients who had undergone reconstructive surgery using a MFF. After division, we analysed the pedicle of the flap histologically and measured the diameter of the arteries or arterioles and compared them to anatomical descriptions of the frontal arteries. In none of the 12 cases could we find a functional artery of approximately 1 mm in diameter that could correspond to the supratrochlear artery. The MFF is an axial flap but not in accordance with the current definition of this term. In contrast to published literature, we show that only in a part of cases a named artery was present in the pedicle. Despite this fact, the MFF is a secure flap for full thickness defect repair on the nose.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Dermatology

UniBE Contributor:

Skaria, Andreas


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Monika Schenk

Date Deposited:

16 Apr 2015 11:06

Last Modified:

19 Oct 2015 11:28

Publisher DOI:


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