Maximal acceleration of calcium release refractoriness by β-adrenergic stimulation requires dual activation of protein kinase A and CaMKII in mouse ventricular myocytes

Poláková, Eva; Illaste, Ardo; Niggli, Ernst; Sobie, Eric A. (2015). Maximal acceleration of calcium release refractoriness by β-adrenergic stimulation requires dual activation of protein kinase A and CaMKII in mouse ventricular myocytes. Journal of physiology, 593(6), pp. 495-507. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1113/jphysiol.2014.278051

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Time-dependent refractoriness of calcium (Ca2+) release in cardiac myocytes is an important factor in determining whether pro-arrhythmic release patterns develop. At the subcellular level of the Ca2+ spark, recent studies have suggested that recovery of spark amplitude is controlled by local sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) refilling whereas refractoriness of spark triggering depends on both refilling and the sensitivity of the ryanodine receptor (RyR) release channels that produce sparks. Here we studied regulation of Ca2+ spark refractoriness in mouse ventricular myocytes by examining how β-adrenergic stimulation influenced sequences of Ca2+ sparks originating from individual RyR clusters. Our protocol allowed us to separately measure recovery of spark amplitude and delays between successive sparks, and data were interpreted quantitatively through simulations with a stochastic mathematical model. We found that, compared with spark sequences measured under control conditions: (1) β-adrenergic stimulation with isoproterenol accelerated spark amplitude recovery and decreased spark-to-spark delays; (2) activating protein kinase A (PKA) with forskolin accelerated amplitude recovery but did not affect spark-to-spark delays; (3) inhibiting PKA with H89 retarded amplitude recovery and increased spark- to-spark delays; (4) preventing phosphorylation of the RyR at serine 2808 with a knock-in mouse prevented the decrease in spark-to-spark delays seen with β-adrenergic stimulation; (5) inhibiting either PKA or Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) during β-adrenergic stimulation prevented the decrease in spark-to-spark delays seen) without inhibition. The results suggest that activation of either PKA or CaMKII is sufficient to speed SR refilling, but activation of both kinases appears necessary to observe increased RyR sensitivity. The data provide novel insight into β-adrenergic regulation of Ca2+ release refractoriness in mouse myocytes.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Physiology
09 Interdisciplinary Units > Microscopy Imaging Center (MIC)

UniBE Contributor:

Illaste, Ardo and Niggli, Ernst

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0022-3751

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stefan von Känel-Zimmermann

Date Deposited:

27 Jan 2015 15:51

Last Modified:

05 Feb 2019 14:42

Publisher DOI:

10.1113/jphysiol.2014.278051

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.62064

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/62064

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