Comparative theoretical analysis of continuous wave laser cutting of metals at 1 and 10 um wavelength

Brügmann, Michael H.; Feurer, Thomas (2014). Comparative theoretical analysis of continuous wave laser cutting of metals at 1 and 10 um wavelength. Applied physics. A, Materials science & processing, 116(3), pp. 1353-1364. Springer-Verlag Heidelberg 10.1007/s00339-014-8233-6

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We present a derivation and, based on it, an extension of a model originally proposed by V.G. Niziev to describe continuous wave laser cutting of metals. Starting from a local energy balance and by incorporating heat removal through heat conduction to the bulk material, we find a differential equation for the cutting profile. This equation is solved numerically and yields, besides the cutting profiles, the maximum cutting speed, the absorptivity profiles, and other relevant quantities. Our main goal is to demonstrate the model’s capability to explain some of the experimentally observed differences between laser cutting at around 1 and 10 μm wavelengths. To compare our numerical results to experimental observations, we perform simulations for exactly the same material and laser beam parameters as those used in a recent comparative experimental study. Generally, we find good agreement between theoretical and experimental results and show that the main differences between laser cutting with 1- and 10-μm beams arise from the different absorptivity profiles and absorbed intensities. Especially the latter suggests that the energy transfer, and thus the laser cutting process, is more efficient in the case of laser cutting with 1-μm beams.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Applied Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Brügmann, Michael Heinrich and Feurer, Thomas


600 Technology > 620 Engineering




Springer-Verlag Heidelberg




Martin Frenz-Lips

Date Deposited:

05 Feb 2015 11:12

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:39

Publisher DOI:





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