Optical Tolerance Analysis of the Multi-Beam Limb Viewing Instrument STEAMR

Hammar, Arvid; Whale, Mark; Forsberg, Per; Murk, Axel; Emrich., Anders; Stake, Jan (2014). Optical Tolerance Analysis of the Multi-Beam Limb Viewing Instrument STEAMR. IEEE transactions on terahertz science and technology, 4(6), 714 - 721. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IEEE 10.1109/TTHZ.2014.2361616

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In this paper, we report on an optical tolerance analysis of the submillimeter atmospheric multi-beam limb sounder, STEAMR. Physical optics and ray-tracing methods were used to quantify and separate errors in beam pointing and distortion due to reflector misalignment and primary reflector surface deformations. Simulations were performed concurrently with the manufacturing of a multi-beam demonstrator of the relay optical system which shapes and images the beams to their corresponding receiver feed horns. Results from Monte Carlo simulations show that the inserts used for reflector mounting should be positioned with an overall accuracy better than 100 μm (~ 1/10 wavelength). Analyses of primary reflector surface deformations show that a deviation of magnitude 100 μm can be tolerable before deployment, whereas the corresponding variations should be less than 30 μm during operation. The most sensitive optical elements in terms of misalignments are found near the focal plane. This localized sensitivity is attributed to the off-axis nature of the beams at this location. Post-assembly mechanical measurements of the reflectors in the demonstrator show that alignment better than 50 μm could be obtained.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Applied Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Murk, Axel


600 Technology > 620 Engineering




Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IEEE




Martin Frenz-Lips

Date Deposited:

05 Feb 2015 11:27

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:39

Publisher DOI:






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