Bos indicus introgression into (peri-)alpine cattle breeds - evidence from the analysis of bovine whey protein variants.

Tetens, J L; Qanbari, S; Drögemüller, Cord; Pimentel, E C G; Bennewitz, J; Thaller, G; Tetens, J (2014). Bos indicus introgression into (peri-)alpine cattle breeds - evidence from the analysis of bovine whey protein variants. Animal genetics, 45(4), pp. 585-588. Blackwell 10.1111/age.12185

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The major bovine whey proteins, α-lactalbumin (α-LA) and β-lactoglobulin (β-LG), exhibit breed-specific genetic variation. The aim of this study was to identify possible new protein variants and determine the distribution of variants across a variety of 18 taurine and indicine cattle breeds applying a DNA-based sequencing approach. To this end, the open reading frames of the respective genes (LALBA and LGB) were sequenced in 476 animals. Within the LALBA gene, a previously unknown synonymous and a previously undesignated non-synonymous nucleotide exchange were identified. Furthermore, two known α-LA variants (A and B) and four known β-LG variants (A, B, C and W) were determined. The occurrence of typical indicine variants in some taurine cattle breeds, such as Suisse Eringer, German Hinterwälder and Hungarian Grey Steppe, further supports the hypothesis of ancient Bos indicus introgression into (peri-)alpine cattle breeds.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Institute of Genetics

UniBE Contributor:

Drögemüller, Cord

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture
500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0268-9146

Publisher:

Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Tosso Leeb

Date Deposited:

03 Feb 2015 15:03

Last Modified:

12 Oct 2015 15:21

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/age.12185

PubMed ID:

24931299

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Bos taurus, genetic variants, α-lactalbumin, β-lactoglobulin

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.62467

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/62467

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