Characterization of the role of the RNA-binding protein FUS in the DNA damage response

Ruepp, Marc-David (24 January 2014). Characterization of the role of the RNA-binding protein FUS in the DNA damage response (Unpublished). In: Swiss RNA Workshop 2014. Bern, Schweiz. 24.01.2014.

FUS/TLS (fused in sarcoma/translocated in liposarcoma), a ubiquitously expressed RNA-binding protein, has been linked to a variety of cellular processes, including RNA metabolism, microRNA biogenesis and DNA repair. However, the precise cellular function of FUS remains unclear. Recently, mutations in the FUS gene have been found in ∼5% of familial Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the dysfunction and death of motor neurons. Since MEFs and B-lymphocytes derived from FUS knockdown mice display major sensitivity to ionizing radiation and chromosomal aberrations [1,2], we are investigating the effects of DNA damage both in the presence or in the absence of FUS. To this purpose, we have generated a SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cell line expressing a doxycycline-induced shRNA targeting FUS, which specifically depletes the protein. We have found that FUS depletion induces an activation of the DNA damage response (DDR). However, treatment with genotoxic agents did not induce any strong changes in ATM (Ataxia Telangiectasia Mutated)-mediated DDR signaling. Interestingly, genotoxic treatment results in changes in the subcellular localization of FUS in normal cells. We are currently exploring on one hand the mechanism by which FUS depletion leads to DNA damage, and on the other the functional significance of FUS relocalization after genotoxic stress.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Departement of Chemistry and Biochemistry

UniBE Contributor:

Ruepp, Marc-David

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 540 Chemistry

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christina Schüpbach

Date Deposited:

09 Feb 2015 08:33

Last Modified:

09 Feb 2015 08:33

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/62813

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