Organoleptic assessment of halitosis for dental professionals - general recommendations

Greenman, J; Lenton, P; Seemann, Rainer; Nachnani, S (2014). Organoleptic assessment of halitosis for dental professionals - general recommendations. Journal of breath research, 8(1), 017102. IOP Science 10.1088/1752-7155/8/1/017102

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An organoleptic assessment of an odor is defined as a method that can measure the strength of target odors and expresses the value in terms of a point or number with reference to a pre-defined organoleptic scale. Organoleptic assessments are performed using different scales and are used widely in industry (e.g. for measuring the effectiveness of anti-odor agents), in research (to discover relationships between bad breath and microbiology of the tongue, or the generation of particular volatile compounds), but it is also a prerequisite for the diagnosis of halitosis in individual patients required before directing appropriate treatment. An organoleptic assessment of halitosis patients may be carried out in specialized institutions but--based on the fact that in most cases the odor originates from oral structures--also by dental professionals including general dental practitioners (GDPs). Thus, this paper describes the scientific background for recommendations on how a GDP or dental hygienist or general practitioner with cases of bad breath should use organoleptic methods as a valid approach to assess malodor in patients, with a view to diagnosis and treatment, and subsequent treatment monitoring.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry

UniBE Contributor:

Seemann, Rainer


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




IOP Science




Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

13 Feb 2015 15:24

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2017 12:15

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:





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