The Effect of 6 versus 9 Years of Zoledronic Acid Treatment in Osteoporosis: A Randomized Second Extension to the HORIZON-Pivotal Fracture Trial (PFT).

Black, Dennis M.; Reid, Ian R.; Cauley, Jane A.; Cosman, Felicia; Leung, Ping Chung; Lakatos, Peter; Lippuner, Kurt; Cummings, Steven R.; Hue, Trisha F.; Mukhopadhyay, Amitava; Tan, Monique; Aftring, R. Paul; Eastell, Richard (2015). The Effect of 6 versus 9 Years of Zoledronic Acid Treatment in Osteoporosis: A Randomized Second Extension to the HORIZON-Pivotal Fracture Trial (PFT). Journal of bone and mineral research, 30(5), pp. 934-944. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1002/jbmr.2442

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While bisphosphonates reduce fracture risk over 3 to 5 years, the optimal duration of treatment is uncertain. In a randomized extension study (E1) of the Health Outcomes and Reduced Incidence with Zoledronic Acid Once Yearly - Pivotal Fracture Trial (HORIZON-PFT), zoledronic acid (ZOL) 5 mg annually for 6 years showed maintenance of bone mineral density (BMD), decrease in morphometric vertebral fractures, and a modest reduction in bone turnover markers (BTMs) compared with discontinuation after 3 years. To investigate the longer-term efficacy and safety of ZOL, a second extension (E2) was conducted to 9 years in which women on ZOL for 6 years in E1 were randomized to either ZOL (Z9) or placebo (Z6P3) for 3 additional years. In this multicenter, randomized, double-blind study, 190 women were randomized to Z9 (n=95) and Z6P3 (n=95). The primary endpoint was change in total hip BMD at year 9 vs. year 6 in Z9 compared with Z6P3. Other secondary endpoints included fractures, BTMs, and safety. From year 6 to 9, the mean change in total hip BMD was -0.54% in Z9 vs. -1.31% in Z6P3 (difference 0.78%; 95% confidence interval [CI]: -0.37%, 1.93%; p=0.183). BTMs showed small, non-significant increases in those who discontinued after 6 years compared with those who continued for 9 years. The number of fractures was low and did not significantly differ by treatment. While generally safe, there was a small increase in cardiac arrhythmias (combined serious and non-serious) in the Z9 group but no significant imbalance in other safety parameters. The results suggest almost all patients who have received six annual ZOL infusions can stop medication for up to 3 years with apparent maintenance of benefits. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Osteoporosis

UniBE Contributor:

Lippuner, Kurt

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0884-0431

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Romain Perrelet

Date Deposited:

10 Mar 2015 14:05

Last Modified:

27 Jul 2018 11:12

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/jbmr.2442

PubMed ID:

25545380

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.63192

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/63192

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