Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is an independent adverse prognostic factor in esophageal adenocarcinoma patients treated with cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

Aichler, Michaela; Motschmann, Martin; Jütting, Uta; Luber, Birgit; Becker, Karen; Ott, Katja; Lordick, Florian; Langer, Rupert; Feith, Marcus; Siewert, Jörg Rüdiger; Walch, Axel (2014). Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is an independent adverse prognostic factor in esophageal adenocarcinoma patients treated with cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy. OncoTarget, 5(16), pp. 6620-6632. Impact Journals LLC

[img]
Preview
Text
2268-25528-5-PB.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution (CC-BY).

Download (972kB) | Preview

Neoadjuvant platin-based therapy is accepted as a standard therapy for advanced esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). Patients who respond have a better survival prognosis, but still a significant number of responder patients die from tumor recurrence. Molecular markers for prognosis in neoadjuvantly treated EAC patients have not been identified yet. We investigated the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in prognosis and chemotherapy resistance in these patients. Two EAC patient cohorts, either treated by neoadjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy followed by surgery (n=86) or by surgical resection (n=46) were analyzed for EGFR protein expression and gene copy number. Data were correlated with clinical and histopathological response, disease-free and overall survival. In case of EGFR overexpression, the prognosis for neoadjuvant chemotherapy responders was poor as in non-responders. Responders had a significantly better disease-free survival than non-responders only if EGFR expression level (p=0.0152) or copy number (p=0.0050) was low. Comparing neoadjuvantly treated patients and primary resection patients, tumors of non-responder patients more frequently exhibited EGFR overexpression, providing evidence that EGFR is a factor for indicating chemotherapy resistance. EGFR overexpression and gene copy number are independent adverse prognostic factors for neoadjuvant chemotherapy-treated EAC patients, particularly for responders. Furthermore, EGFR overexpression is involved in resistance to cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology

UniBE Contributor:

Langer, Rupert

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1949-2553

Publisher:

Impact Journals LLC

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Haefelin

Date Deposited:

23 Feb 2015 11:04

Last Modified:

23 Feb 2015 11:04

PubMed ID:

25216514

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.63533

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/63533

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback