Transport of iodide in structured clay–loam soil under maize during irrigation experiments analyzed using HYDRUS model

Horel, Agota; Alaoui, Abdallah; Czachor, Henryk; Nagy, Viliam; Tóth, Eszter (2014). Transport of iodide in structured clay–loam soil under maize during irrigation experiments analyzed using HYDRUS model. Biologia, 69(11), pp. 1531-1538. Versita 10.2478/s11756-014-0465-6

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Transport of radioactive iodide 131I− in a structured clay loam soil under maize in a final growing phase was monitored during five consecutive irrigation experiments under ponding. Each time, 27 mm of water were applied. The water of the second experiment was spiked with 200 MBq of 131I− tracer. Its activity was monitored as functions of depth and time with Geiger-Müller (G-M) detectors in 11 vertically installed access tubes. The aim of the study was to widen our current knowledge of water and solute transport in unsaturated soil under different agriculturally cultivated settings. It was supposed that the change in 131I− activity (or counting rate) is proportional to the change in soil water content. Rapid increase followed by a gradual decrease in 131I− activity occurred at all depths and was attributed to preferential flow. The iodide transport through structured soil profile was simulated by the HYDRUS 1D model. The model predicted relatively deep percolation of iodide within a short time, in a good agreement with the observed vertical iodide distribution in soil. We found that the top 30 cm of the soil profile is the most vulnerable layer in terms of water and solute movement, which is the same depth where the root structure of maize can extend.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > Centre for Development and Environment (CDE)

UniBE Contributor:

Alaoui, Abdallah

ISSN:

1336-9563

Publisher:

Versita

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stephan Schmidt

Date Deposited:

19 Mar 2015 14:46

Last Modified:

19 Mar 2015 14:46

Publisher DOI:

10.2478/s11756-014-0465-6

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.63753

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/63753

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