Safety climate in Swiss hospital units: Swiss version of the Safety Climate Survey

Gehring, Katrin; Mascherek, Anna C; Bezzola, Paula; Schwappach, David (2015). Safety climate in Swiss hospital units: Swiss version of the Safety Climate Survey. Journal of evaluation in clinical practice, 21(2), pp. 332-338. Blackwell Science 10.1111/jep.12326

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RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

Safety climate measurements are a broadly used element of improvement initiatives. In order to provide a sound and easy-to-administer instrument for the use in Swiss hospitals, we translated the Safety Climate Survey into German and French.

METHODS

After translating the Safety Climate Survey into French and German, a cross-sectional survey study was conducted with health care professionals (HCPs) in operating room (OR) teams and on OR-related wards in 10 Swiss hospitals. Validity of the instrument was examined by means of Cronbach's alpha and missing rates of the single items. Item-descriptive statistics group differences and percentage of 'problematic responses' (PPR) were calculated.

RESULTS

3153 HCPs completed the survey (response rate: 63.4%). 1308 individuals were excluded from the analyses because of a profession other than doctor or nurse or invalid answers (n = 1845; nurses = 1321, doctors = 523). Internal consistency of the translated Safety Climate Survey was good (Cronbach's alpha G erman  = 0.86; Cronbach's alpha F rench  = 0.84). Missing rates at item level were rather low (0.23-4.3%). We found significant group differences in safety climate values regarding profession, managerial function, work area and time spent in direct patient care. At item level, 14 out of 21 items showed a PPR higher than 10%.

CONCLUSIONS

Results indicate that the French and German translations of the Safety Climate Survey might be a useful measurement instrument for safety climate in Swiss hospital units. Analyses at item level allow for differentiating facets of safety climate into more positive and critical safety climate aspects.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)

UniBE Contributor:

Schwappach, David

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services

ISSN:

1356-1294

Publisher:

Blackwell Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Kopp Heim

Date Deposited:

03 Mar 2015 10:50

Last Modified:

13 Sep 2017 12:58

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/jep.12326

PubMed ID:

25656302

Uncontrolled Keywords:

hospital, patient safety, safety climate survey, safety culture, surgery, Switzerland

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.63987

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/63987

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