Implicit motives and basic need satisfaction in extreme endurance sports.

Schüler, Julia; Wegner, Mirko; Knechtle, Beat (2014). Implicit motives and basic need satisfaction in extreme endurance sports. Journal of sport & exercise psychology, 36(3), pp. 293-302. Human Kinetics Publishers 10.1123/jsep.2013-0191

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Previous research has shown that the effects of basic psychological needs on the flow experience in sports are moderated by implicit motives. However, so far, only leisure and health-oriented sports have been analyzed. In a pilot study and a main study (N = 29, 93), we tested whether the implicit achievement and affiliation motives interact with the need for competence and the need for social relatedness satisfaction, respectively, to predict flow experience and well-being in extreme endurance athletes. Results showed that highly achievement-motivated individuals benefited more from the need for competence satisfaction in terms of flow than individuals with a low achievement motive did. In addition, highly affiliation-motivated individuals whose need for social relatedness is satisfied reported higher positive affect and lower exercise addiction scores than athletes with a low motive. We discuss the differential effects of the interplay between the achievement and affiliation motives and basic needs on different outcome variables.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science I

UniBE Contributor:

Schüler, Julia and Wegner, Mirko

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

ISSN:

0895-2779

Publisher:

Human Kinetics Publishers

Language:

English

Submitter:

Corinne Ammann

Date Deposited:

06 Mar 2015 14:10

Last Modified:

09 Mar 2015 07:42

Publisher DOI:

10.1123/jsep.2013-0191

Uncontrolled Keywords:

implicit motives, basic psychological needs, motive dispositions, self-determination theory, extreme endurance sports

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.64120

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/64120

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