Atherogenic dyslipidemia and residual cardiovascular risk in statin-treated patients

Sirimarco, Gaia; Labreuche, Julien; Bruckert, Eric; Goldstein, Larry B; Fox, Kim M; Rothwell, Peter M; Amarenco, Pierre; Mattle, Heinrich P (2014). Atherogenic dyslipidemia and residual cardiovascular risk in statin-treated patients. Stroke, 45(5), pp. 1429-1436. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 10.1161/STROKEAHA.113.004229

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Treatment with statins reduces the rate of cardiovascular events in high-risk patients, but residual risk persists. At least part of that risk may be attributable to atherogenic dyslipidemia characterized by low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (≤40 mg/dL) and high triglycerides (triglycerides≥150 mg/dL). METHODS We studied subjects with stroke or transient ischemic attack in the Prevention of Cerebrovascular and Cardiovascular Events of Ischemic Origin With Terutroban in Patients With a History of Ischemic Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack (PERFORM; n=19,100) and Stroke Prevention by Aggressive Reduction in Cholesterol Levels (SPARCL; n=4731) trials who were treated with a statin and who had high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides measurements 3 months after randomization (n=10,498 and 2900, respectively). The primary outcome measure for this exploratory analysis was the occurrence of major cardiovascular events (nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, or cardiovascular death). We also performed a time-varying analysis to account for all available high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride measurements. RESULTS A total of 10% of subjects in PERFORM and 9% in SPARCL had atherogenic dyslipidemia after ≥3 months on start statin therapy. After a follow-up of 2.3 years (PERFORM) and 4.9 years (SPARCL), a major cardiovascular event occurred in 1123 and 485 patients in the 2 trials, respectively. The risk of major cardiovascular events was higher in subjects with versus those without atherogenic dyslipidemia in both PERFORM (hazard ratio, 1.36; 95% confidence interval, 1.14-1.63) and SPARCL (hazard ratio, 1.40; 95% confidence interval, 1.06-1.85). The association was attenuated after multivariable adjustment (hazard ratio, 1.23; 95% confidence interval, 1.03-1.48 in PERFORM and hazard ratio, 1.24; 95% confidence interval, 0.93-1.65 in SPARCL). Time-varying analysis confirmed these findings. CONCLUSIONS The presence of atherogenic dyslipidemia was associated with higher residual cardiovascular risk in PERFORM and SPARCL subjects with stroke or transient ischemic attack receiving statin therapy. Specific therapeutic interventions should now be trialed to address this residual risk.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Mattle, Heinrich

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0039-2499

Publisher:

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Language:

English

Submitter:

Valentina Rossetti

Date Deposited:

06 Mar 2015 12:57

Last Modified:

29 Oct 2015 12:00

Publisher DOI:

10.1161/STROKEAHA.113.004229

PubMed ID:

24736236

Uncontrolled Keywords:

HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors cardiovascular diseases lipids stroke

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.64142

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/64142

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