Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation vs intravenous pulse cyclophosphamide in diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis: a randomized clinical trial

van Laar, Jacob M; Farge, Dominique; Sont, Jacob K; Naraghi, Kamran; Marjanovic, Zora; Larghero, Jérôme; Schuerwegh, Annemie J; Marijt, Erik W A; Vonk, Madelon C; Schattenberg, Anton V; Matucci-Cerinic, Marco; Voskuyl, Alexandre E; van de Loosdrecht, Arjan A; Daikeler, Thomas; Kötter, Ina; Schmalzing, Marc; Martin, Thierry; Lioure, Bruno; Weiner, Stefan M; Kreuter, Alexander; ... (2014). Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation vs intravenous pulse cyclophosphamide in diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association, 311(24), pp. 2490-2498. American Medical Association 10.1001/jama.2014.6368

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IMPORTANCE High-dose immunosuppressive therapy and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) have shown efficacy in systemic sclerosis in phase 1 and small phase 2 trials. OBJECTIVE To compare efficacy and safety of HSCT vs 12 successive monthly intravenous pulses of cyclophosphamide. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS The Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation International Scleroderma (ASTIS) trial, a phase 3, multicenter, randomized (1:1), open-label, parallel-group, clinical trial conducted in 10 countries at 29 centers with access to a European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation-registered transplant facility. From March 2001 to October 2009, 156 patients with early diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis were recruited and followed up until October 31, 2013. INTERVENTIONS HSCT vs intravenous pulse cyclophosphamide. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES The primary end point was event-free survival, defined as time from randomization until the occurrence of death or persistent major organ failure. RESULTS A total of 156 patients were randomly assigned to receive HSCT (n = 79) or cyclophosphamide (n = 77). During a median follow-up of 5.8 years, 53 events occurred: 22 in the HSCT group (19 deaths and 3 irreversible organ failures) and 31 in the control group (23 deaths and 8 irreversible organ failures). During the first year, there were more events in the HSCT group (13 events [16.5%], including 8 treatment-related deaths) than in the control group (8 events [10.4%], with no treatment-related deaths). At 2 years, 14 events (17.7%) had occurred cumulatively in the HSCT group vs 14 events (18.2%) in the control group; at 4 years, 15 events (19%) had occurred cumulatively in the HSCT group vs 20 events (26%) in the control group. Time-varying hazard ratios (modeled with treatment × time interaction) for event-free survival were 0.35 (95% CI, 0.16-0.74) at 2 years and 0.34 (95% CI, 0.16-0.74) at 4 years. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE Among patients with early diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis, HSCT was associated with increased treatment-related mortality in the first year after treatment. However, HCST conferred a significant long-term event-free survival benefit. TRIAL REGISTRATION isrctn.org Identifier: ISRCTN54371254.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Rheumatologie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Rheumatologie

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Rheumatology, Clinical Immunology and Allergology

UniBE Contributor:

Villiger, Peter and Seitz, Michael

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1538-3598

Publisher:

American Medical Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stefan Kuchen

Date Deposited:

30 Mar 2015 10:22

Last Modified:

06 Nov 2015 09:18

Publisher DOI:

10.1001/jama.2014.6368

PubMed ID:

25058083

Additional Information:

Kollaboration EBMT/EULAR Scleroderma Study Group: nur Berner Autoren sind namentlich erwähnt

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.64155

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/64155

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