Phenology for tropoclimatological surveys and large-scale mapping

Jeanneret, François; Rutishauser, This (2010). Phenology for tropoclimatological surveys and large-scale mapping. In: Keatley, Marie; Hudson, Irene (eds.) Phenological Research: methods for environmental and climate change analysis (pp. 159-175). Heidelberg: Springer Verlag 10.1007/978-90-481-3335-2_8

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Biotic and abiotic phenological observations can be collected from continental to local spatial scale. Plant phenological observations may only be recorded wherever there is vegetation. Fog, snow and ice are available as phenological para-meters wherever they appear. The singularity of phenological observations is the possibility of spatial intensification to a microclimatic scale where the equipment of meteorological measurements is too expensive for intensive campaigning. The omnipresence of region-specific phenological parameters allows monitoring for a spatially much more detailed assessment of climate change than with weather data. We demonstrate this concept with phenological observations with the use of a special network in the Canton of Berne, Switzerland, with up to 600 observations sites (more than 1 to 10 km² of the inhabited area). Classic cartography, gridding, the integration into a Geographic Information System GIS and large-scale analysis are the steps to a detailed knowledge of topoclimatic conditions of a mountainous area. Examples of urban phenology provide other types of spatially detailed applications. Large potential in phenological mapping in future analyses lies in combining traditionally observed species-specific phenology with remotely sensed and modelled phenology that provide strong spatial information. This is a long history from cartographic intuition to algorithm-based representations of phenology.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Physical Geography
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Physical Geography > Unit Climatology
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography

UniBE Contributor:

Jeanneret, François and Rutishauser, This

Subjects:

900 History > 910 Geography & travel

ISBN:

978-90-481-3334-5

Publisher:

Springer Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:20

Last Modified:

26 Jun 2018 16:10

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/978-90-481-3335-2_8

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.6420

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/6420 (FactScience: 211384)

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