Echicetin coated polystyrene beads: a novel tool to investigate GPIb-specific platelet activation and aggregation.

Navdaev, Alexey; Subramanian, Hariharan; Petunin, Alexey; Clemetson, Kenneth John; Gambaryan, Stepan; Walter, Ulrich (2014). Echicetin coated polystyrene beads: a novel tool to investigate GPIb-specific platelet activation and aggregation. PLoS ONE, 9(4), e93569. Public Library of Science 10.1371/journal.pone.0093569

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von Willebrand factor/ristocetin (vWF/R) induces GPIb-dependent platelet agglutination and activation of αIIbβ3 integrin, which also binds vWF. These conditions make it difficult to investigate GPIb-specific signaling pathways in washed platelets. Here, we investigated the specific mechanisms of GPIb signaling using echicetin-coated polystyrene beads, which specifically activate GPIb. We compared platelet activation induced by echicetin beads to vWF/R. Human platelets were stimulated with polystyrene beads coated with increasing amounts of echicetin and platelet activation by echicetin beads was then investigated to reveal GPIb specific signaling. Echicetin beads induced αIIbβ3-dependent aggregation of washed platelets, while under the same conditions vWF/R treatment led only to αIIbβ3-independent platelet agglutination. The average distance between the echicetin molecules on the polystyrene beads must be less than 7 nm for full platelet activation, while the total amount of echicetin used for activation is not critical. Echicetin beads induced strong phosphorylation of several proteins including p38, ERK and PKB. Synergistic signaling via P2Y12 and thromboxane receptor through secreted ADP and TxA2, respectively, were important for echicetin bead triggered platelet activation. Activation of PKG by the NO/sGC/cGMP pathway inhibited echicetin bead-induced platelet aggregation. Echicetin-coated beads are powerful and reliable tools to study signaling in human platelets activated solely via GPIb and GPIb-triggered pathways.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Theodor Kocher Institute

UniBE Contributor:

Clemetson, Kenneth John

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1932-6203

Publisher:

Public Library of Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Verena Zwahlen

Date Deposited:

17 Mar 2015 14:33

Last Modified:

13 Sep 2017 13:49

Publisher DOI:

10.1371/journal.pone.0093569

PubMed ID:

24705415

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.64626

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/64626

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