The geomorphology and morphometry of the banded terrain in Hellas basin, Mars

Diot, Xavier; Elmaarry, Mohamed Ramy; Schlunegger, Fritz; Norton, K.P.; Thomas, Nicolas; Grindrod, P.M. (2014). The geomorphology and morphometry of the banded terrain in Hellas basin, Mars. Planetary and space science, 101, pp. 118-134. Elsevier 10.1016/j.pss.2014.06.013

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Hellas basin is a large impact basin situated in the southern highlands of Mars. The north-western part of the basin has the lowest elevation (-7.5 km) on the planet and contains a possibly unique terrain type, which we informally call “banded terrain”. The banded terrain is made up of smooth-looking banded deposits that display signs of viscous behavior and a paucity of superimposed impact craters. In this study, we use newly acquired high spatial resolution images from the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) in addition to existing datasets to characterize the geomorphology, the morphometry and the architecture of the banded terrain. The banded terrain is generally confined to the NW edge of the Alpheus Colles plateau. The individual bands are ~3–15 km-long, ~0.3 km-wide and are separated by narrow inter-band depressions, which are ~65 m-wide and ~10 m-deep. The bands display several morphologies that vary from linear to concentric forms. Morphometric analysis reveals that the slopes along a given linear or lobate band ranges from 0.5° to 15° (average~6°), whereas the concentric bands are located on flatter terrain (average slope~2–3°). Crater-size frequency analysis yields an Amazonian-Hesperian boundary crater retention age for the terrain (~3 Gyr), which together, with the presence of very few degraded craters, either implies a recent emplacement, resurfacing, or intense erosion. The apparent sensitivity to local topography and preference for concentrating in localized depressions is compatible with deformation as a viscous fluid. In addition, the bands display clear signs of degradation and slumping at their margins along with a suite of other features that include fractured mounds, polygonal cracks at variable size-scales, and knobby/hummocky textures. Together, these features suggest an ice-rich composition for at least the upper layers of the terrain, which is currently being heavily modified through loss of ice and intense weathering, possibly by wind.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > Center for Space and Habitability (CSH)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences > Exogenous Geology
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute

UniBE Contributor:

Diot, Xavier; Elmaarry, Mohamed Ramy; Schlunegger, Fritz and Thomas, Nicolas

Subjects:

500 Science > 520 Astronomy
500 Science > 530 Physics
500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

0032-0633

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Xavier Diot

Date Deposited:

18 Mar 2015 11:00

Last Modified:

07 Oct 2015 09:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.pss.2014.06.013

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.64657

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/64657

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