Impact of additional cytogenetic aberrations at diagnosis on prognosis of CML: long-term observation of 1151 patients from the randomized CML Study IV

Fabarius, Alice; Leitner, Armin; Hochhaus, Andreas; Müller, Martin C; Hanfstein, Benjamin; Haferlach, Claudia; Göhring, Gudrun; Schlegelberger, Brigitte; Jotterand, Martine; Reiter, Andreas; Jung-Munkwitz, Susanne; Proetel, Ulrike; Schwaab, Juliana; Hofmann, Wolf-Karsten; Schubert, Jörg; Einsele, Hermann; Ho, Anthony D; Falge, Christiane; Kanz, Lothar; Neubauer, Andreas; ... (2011). Impact of additional cytogenetic aberrations at diagnosis on prognosis of CML: long-term observation of 1151 patients from the randomized CML Study IV. Blood, 118(26), pp. 6760-8. Washington, D.C.: American Society of Hematology 10.1182/blood-2011-08-373902

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The prognostic relevance of additional cytogenetic findings at diagnosis of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is unclear. The impact of additional cytogenetic findings at diagnosis on time to complete cytogenetic (CCR) and major molecular remission (MMR) and progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) was analyzed using data from 1151 Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph(+)) CML patients randomized to the German CML Study IV. At diagnosis, 1003 of 1151 patients (87%) had standard t(9;22)(q34;q11) only, 69 patients (6.0%) had variant t(v;22), and 79 (6.9%) additional cytogenetic aberrations (ACAs). Of these, 38 patients (3.3%) lacked the Y chromosome (-Y) and 41 patients (3.6%) had ACAs except -Y; 16 of these (1.4%) were major route (second Philadelphia [Ph] chromosome, trisomy 8, isochromosome 17q, or trisomy 19) and 25 minor route (all other) ACAs. After a median observation time of 5.3 years for patients with t(9;22), t(v;22), -Y, minor- and major-route ACAs, the 5-year PFS was 90%, 81%, 88%, 96%, and 50%, and the 5-year OS was 92%, 87%, 91%, 96%, and 53%, respectively. In patients with major-route ACAs, the times to CCR and MMR were longer and PFS and OS were shorter (P < .001) than in patients with standard t(9;22). We conclude that major-route ACAs at diagnosis are associated with a negative impact on survival and signify progression to the accelerated phase and blast crisis.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Haematology and Central Haematological Laboratory

UniBE Contributor:

Baerlocher, Gabriela M.

ISSN:

0006-4971

Publisher:

American Society of Hematology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:20

Last Modified:

17 Mar 2015 19:26

Publisher DOI:

10.1182/blood-2011-08-373902

PubMed ID:

22039253

Web of Science ID:

000298401000012

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/6486 (FactScience: 211459)

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