Hope in Adolescent Careers: Mediating Effects of Work Motivation on Career Outcomes in Swiss Apprentices

Valero, Domingo; Hirschi, Andreas; Strauss, K. (2015). Hope in Adolescent Careers: Mediating Effects of Work Motivation on Career Outcomes in Swiss Apprentices. Journal of Career Development, 42(5), pp. 381-395. Sage Publications 10.1177/0894845314566866

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Being hopeful is critical for individuals who are engaged in vocational pursuits. However, the empirical research examining how and why hope is related to work and career outcomes remains sparse. We evaluate a model that proposes that dispositional hope affects job performance and turnover intentions through increased work motivation in terms of autonomous goals (reason to motivation), positive affective experience at work (energized to motivation), and occupational self-efficacy beliefs (can do motivation). The hypotheses were tested among 590 Swiss adolescents in vocational education and training using path analysis and multiple mediation analyses. The results revealed that hope was positively related to all three motivational states and supervisor-rated job performance and negatively related to turnover intentions. Positive affect mediated the effects of hope on turnover intentions and performance. Autonomous goals mediated the effects of hope on turnover intentions. These results support the importance of hope to employee well-being and organizational outcomes.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Work and Organisational Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Valero, Domingo and Hirschi, Andreas


100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology




Sage Publications


[4] Swiss National Science Foundation




Domingo Valero

Date Deposited:

20 Mar 2015 10:47

Last Modified:

26 Jun 2016 01:59

Publisher DOI:




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