Depression and disease severity in patients with premature acute coronary syndrome

Pelletier, Roxanne; Lavoie, Kim L; Bacon, Simon L; Thanassoulis, George; Khan, Nadia A; Pilote, Louise; Rodondi, Nicolas (2014). Depression and disease severity in patients with premature acute coronary syndrome. American journal of medicine, 127(1), 87-93.e1. Elsevier 10.1016/j.amjmed.2013.09.026

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OBJECTIVES The association between depression and cardiovascular disease severity in younger patients has not been assessed, and sex differences are unknown. We assessed whether major depression and depressive symptoms were associated with worse cardiovascular disease severity in patients with premature acute coronary syndrome, and we assessed sex differences in these relationships. METHODS We enrolled 1023 patients (aged ≤ 55 years) hospitalized with acute coronary syndrome from 26 centers in Canada, the United States, and Switzerland, through the GENdEr and Sex determInantS of cardiovascular disease: From bench to beyond-Premature Acute Coronary Syndrome study. Left ventricular ejection fraction, Killip class, cardiac troponin I, and Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events score data were collected through chart review. RESULTS The sample comprised 248 patients with major depression and 302 women. In univariate analyses, major depression was associated with a lower likelihood of having an abnormal left ventricular ejection fraction (odds ratio, 0.70; 95% confidence interval, 0.51-0.97; P = .03) and lower troponin I levels (estimate, -4.04; 95% confidence interval, -8.01 to -0.06; P = .05). After adjustment for sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, neither major depression nor depressive symptoms were associated with disease severity indices, and there were no sex differences. CONCLUSION The increased risk of adverse events in depressed patients with premature acute coronary syndrome is not explained by disease severity.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of General Internal Medicine (DAIM) > Clinic of General Internal Medicine > Centre of Competence for General Internal Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Rodondi, Nicolas

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0002-9343

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Patricia Rajaonina

Date Deposited:

18 Mar 2015 12:31

Last Modified:

09 Nov 2015 10:54

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.amjmed.2013.09.026

PubMed ID:

24384103

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Acute coronary syndrome, Depression, Disease severity, Epidemiology Women

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.65196

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/65196

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