Salt intake in children and its consequences on blood pressure.

Lava, Sebastiano; Bianchetti, Mario Giovanni; Simonetti, Giacomo (2015). Salt intake in children and its consequences on blood pressure. Pediatric nephrology, 30(9), pp. 1389-1396. Springer 10.1007/s00467-014-2931-3

[img] Text
Published2.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (328kB) | Request a copy

Sodium is the most abundant extracellular cation and therefore pivotal in determining fluid balance. At the beginning of life, a positive sodium balance is needed to grow. Newborns and preterm infants tend to lose sodium via their kidneys and therefore need adequate sodium intake. Among older children and adults, however, excessive salt intake leads to volume expansion and arterial hypertension. Children who are overweight, born preterm, or small for gestational age and African American children are at increased risk of developing high blood pressure due to a high salt intake because they are more likely to be salt sensitive. In the developed world, salt intake is generally above the recommended intake also among children. Although a positive sodium balance is needed for growth during the first year of life, in older children, a sodium-poor diet seems to have the same cardiovascular protective effects as among adults. This is relevant, since: (1) a blood pressure tracking phenomenon was recognized; (2) the development of taste preferences is important during childhood; and (3) salt intake is often associated with the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (predisposing children to weight gain).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine > Paediatric Nephrology

UniBE Contributor:

Lava, Sebastiano; Bianchetti, Mario Giovanni and Simonetti, Giacomo

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0931-041X

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

André Schaller

Date Deposited:

19 Mar 2015 11:25

Last Modified:

29 Oct 2015 10:15

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00467-014-2931-3

PubMed ID:

25127918

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.65286

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/65286

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback