Daily negative affect and smoking after a self-set quit attempt: The role of dyadic invisible social support in a daily diary study

Lüscher, Janina; Stadler, Gertraud; Ochsner, Sibylle; Rackow, Pamela; Knoll, Nina; Hornung, Rainer; Scholz, Urte (2015). Daily negative affect and smoking after a self-set quit attempt: The role of dyadic invisible social support in a daily diary study. British journal of health psychology, 20(4), pp. 708-723. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/bjhp.12135

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Objectives Social support receipt from one's partner is assumed to be beneficial for successful smoking cessation. However, support receipt can have costs. Recent research suggests that the most effective support is unnoticed by the receiver (i.e., invisible). Therefore, this study examined the association between everyday levels of dyadic invisible emotional and instrumental support, daily negative affect, and daily smoking after a self-set quit attempt in smoker–non-smoker couples. Methods Overall, 100 smokers (72.0% men, mean age M = 40.48, SD = 9.82) and their non-smoking partners completed electronic diaries from a self-set quit date on for 22 consecutive days, reporting daily invisible emotional and instrumental social support, daily negative affect, and daily smoking. Results Same-day multilevel analyses showed that at the between-person level, higher individual mean levels of invisible emotional and instrumental support were associated with less daily negative affect. In contrast to our assumption, more receipt of invisible emotional and instrumental support was related to more daily cigarettes smoked. Conclusions The findings are in line with previous results, indicating invisible support to have beneficial relations with affect. However, results emphasize the need for further prospective daily diary approaches for understanding the dynamics of invisible support on smoking cessation.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Personality Psychology, Differential Psychology and Diagnostics
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Personality Psychology, Differential Psychology and Diagnostics > Professur für Gesundheitspsychologie (SNF)

UniBE Contributor:

Lüscher, Janina and Scholz, Urte

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1359-107X

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Karin Dubler

Date Deposited:

30 Mar 2015 15:19

Last Modified:

21 Jul 2017 10:50

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/bjhp.12135

PubMed ID:

25728302

Uncontrolled Keywords:

invisible social support, negative affect, smoking, inter- and intrapersonal analyses

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.65458

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/65458

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