Examining invisible social control as predictor of daily smoking and negative affect after a self-set quit date

Lüscher, Janina; Ochsner, Sibylle; Berli, Corina; Knoll, Nina; Stadler, Gertrud; Hornung, Rainer; Scholz, Urte (2014). Examining invisible social control as predictor of daily smoking and negative affect after a self-set quit date (Unpublished). In: 28th International Congress of Applied Psychology. Paris. 08.07.-13.07.2014.

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Objectives: The dual-effects model of social control proposes that social control leads to better health practices, but also arouses psychological distress. However, findings are inconsistent in relation to health behavior and psychological distress. Recent research suggests that the most effective control is unnoticed by the receiver (i.e., invisible). There is some evidence that invisible social control is beneficial for positive and negative affective reactions. Yet, investigations of the influence of invisible social control on daily smoking and distress have been limited. In daily diaries, we investigated how invisible social control is associated with number of cigarettes smoked and negative affect on a daily basis. Methods: Overall, 99 smokers (72.0% men, mean age M = 40.48, SD = 9.82) and their non-smoking partners completed electronic diaries from a self-set quit date for 22 consecutive days within the hour before going to bed, reporting received and provided social control, daily number of cigarettes smoked, and negative affect. Results: Multilevel analyses indicated that between-person levels of invisible social control were associated with lower negative affect, whereas they were unrelated to number of cigarettes smoked. On days with higher-than-average invisible social control, smokers reported less cigarettes smoked and more negative affect. Conclusions: Between-person level findings indicate that invisible social control can be beneficial for negative affect. However, findings on the within-person level are in line with the assumptions of the dual-effects model of social control: Invisible social control reduced daily smoking and simultaneously increased daily negative affect within person.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Personality Psychology, Differential Psychology and Diagnostics > Professur für Gesundheitspsychologie (SNF) [discontinued]

UniBE Contributor:

Lüscher, Janina; Berli, Corina and Scholz, Urte


100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Karin Dubler

Date Deposited:

31 Mar 2015 13:48

Last Modified:

28 Jul 2015 08:31

Uncontrolled Keywords:

invisible social control, negative affect, smoking, dual-effects model



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