Social Stress at Work and Change in Women's Body Weight

Kottwitz, Maria Undine; Grebner, Simone Irmgard; Semmer, Norbert K.; Tschan, Franziska; Elfering, Achim (2014). Social Stress at Work and Change in Women's Body Weight. Industrial health, 52(2), pp. 163-171. National Institute of Industrial Health. 10.2486/indhealth.2013-0155

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Social stressors at work (such as conflict or animosities) imply disrespect or a lack of appreciation and thus a threat to self. Stress induced by this offence to self might result, over time, in a change in body weight. The current study investigated the impact of changing working conditions--specifically social stressors, demands, and control at work--on women's change in weighted Body-Mass-Index over the course of a year. Fifty-seven women in their first year of occupational life participated at baseline and thirty-eight at follow-up. Working conditions were assessed by self-reports and observer-ratings. Body-Mass-Index at baseline and change in Body-Mass-Index one year later were regressed on self-reported social stressors as well as observed work stressors, observed job control, and their interaction. Seen individually, social stressors at work predicted Body-Mass-Index. Moreover, increase in social stressors and decrease of job control during the first year of occupational life predicted increase in Body-Mass-Index. Work redesign that reduces social stressors at work and increases job control could help to prevent obesity epidemic.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Work and Organisational Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Kottwitz, Maria Undine; Grebner, Simone Irmgard and Elfering, Achim

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology

ISSN:

0019-8366

Publisher:

National Institute of Industrial Health.

Language:

English

Submitter:

Diana Cristina Romano

Date Deposited:

25 Mar 2015 10:25

Last Modified:

26 Mar 2015 19:51

Publisher DOI:

10.2486/indhealth.2013-0155

PubMed ID:

24429516

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.65575

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/65575

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