Prioritizing – the task strategy of the powerful?

Schmid, Petra C.; Schmid Mast, Marianne; Mast, Fred W. (2015). Prioritizing – the task strategy of the powerful? Quarterly journal of experimental psychology, 68(10), pp. 2097-2105. Psychology Press 10.1080/17470218.2015.1008525

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Previous research has shown that power increases focus on the main goal when distractor information is present. As a result, high-power people have been described as goal-focused. In real life, one typically wants to pursue multiple goals at the same time. There is a lack of research on how power affects how people deal with situations in which multiple important goals are present. To address this question, 158 participants were primed with high or low power or assigned to a control condition, and were asked to perform a dual-goal task with three difficulty levels. We hypothesized and found that high-power primed people prioritize when confronted with a multiple-goal situation. More specifically, when task demands were relatively low, power had no effect; participants generally pursued multiple goals in parallel. However, when task demands were high, the participants in the high-power condition focused on a single goal whereas participants in the low-power condition continued using a dual-task strategy. This study extends existing power theories and research in the domain of goal pursuit.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Cognitive Psychology, Perception and Methodology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Other Institutions > Teaching Staff, Faculty of Human Sciences
10 Strategic Research Centers > Center for Cognition, Learning and Memory (CCLM)

UniBE Contributor:

Mast, Fred

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

0272-4987

Publisher:

Psychology Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andrea Laura Wantz

Date Deposited:

27 Mar 2015 11:45

Last Modified:

26 Jun 2016 02:00

Publisher DOI:

10.1080/17470218.2015.1008525

PubMed ID:

25607808

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Power, Goal pursuit, Multiple goals

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.65716

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/65716

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