Evidence of trepanation in Late Iron Age Switzerland (420–240BC)

Moghaddam, Negahnaz; Mailler-Burch, Simone; Kara, Levent; Jackowski, Christian; Lösch, Sandra (24 August 2014). Evidence of trepanation in Late Iron Age Switzerland (420–240BC) (Unpublished). In: The 20th European Meeting of the Paleopathology Association. Lund, Sweden. 24.-29.08.2014.

In Europe the procedure of trepanation is known since the Neolithic and is still practiced today in East African native tribes. Trepanation is the oldest known surgical intervention and is defined as the intentional penetration of the cranial vault with removal of piece of a skull bone. Therefore, it is believed that neurosurgery is one of the world’s oldest professions. In this study two skulls with lesions from the Late Iron Age cemetery of Münsingen (420–240 BC), Switzerland, are presented. Aim of the study was to analyse the lesions and to assess whether they were caused by surgical interventions. Sex and age of the individuals were determined by current morphologic-anthropological methods. Radiological examinations were performed with a multislice CT-scanner. Different trepanation methods and signs of healing are discussed. In Switzerland about 33 skulls with possible trepanations dating from Neolithic to medieval times are known and are presented in a short review. Studies of ancient surgical interventions provide important information of pre- and early historic populations. Trepanations of the skull such as the presented cases prove a profound understanding of the human body in ancient times.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine > Management
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine > Anthropology

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences (GCB)

UniBE Contributor:

Hossein Moghaddam Horri, Negahnaz; Kara, Levent; Jackowski, Christian and Lösch, Sandra

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
900 History > 930 History of ancient world (to ca. 499)

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sandra Lösch

Date Deposited:

08 Apr 2015 09:53

Last Modified:

08 Apr 2015 09:53

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/65899

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