Influencing factors on the length of stay in lumbar spine surgery: analysis of the German spine registry

Herren, C; Aghayev, Emin; Kaulhausen, T; Röder, Christoph; Meyer, F; Siewe, J; Sobottke, R (2014). Influencing factors on the length of stay in lumbar spine surgery: analysis of the German spine registry. Orthopäde, 43(12), pp. 1043-1051. Springer-Medizin-Verlag 10.1007/s00132-014-3033-4

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INTRODUCTION Spinal disc herniation, lumbar spinal stenosis and spondylolisthesis are known to be leading causes of lumbar back pain. The cost of low back pain management and related operations are continuously increasing in the healthcare sector. There are many studies regarding complications after spine surgery but little is known about the factors predicting the length of stay in hospital. The purpose of this study was to identify these factors in lumbar spine surgery in order to adapt the postoperative treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS The current study was carried out as a post hoc analysis on the basis of the German spine registry. Patients who underwent lumbar spine surgery by posterior surgical access and with posterior fusion and/or rigid stabilization, whereby procedures with dynamic stabilization were excluded. Patient characteristics were tested for association with length of stay (LOS) using bivariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS A total of 356 patients met the inclusion criteria. The average age of all patients was 64.6 years and the mean LOS was 11.9 ± 6.0 days with a range of 2-44 days. Independent factors that were influencing LOS were increased age at the time of surgery, higher body mass index, male gender, blood transfusion of 1-2 erythrocyte concentrates and the presence of surgical complications. CONCLUSION Identification of predictive factors for prolonged LOS may allow for estimation of patient hospitalization time and for optimization of postoperative care. In individual cases this may result of a reduction in the LOS.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute for Evaluative Research into Orthopaedic Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Aghayev, Emin and Röder, Christoph

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0085-4530

Publisher:

Springer-Medizin-Verlag

Language:

German

Submitter:

Ives Gerber

Date Deposited:

02 Apr 2015 11:30

Last Modified:

09 Nov 2015 10:34

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00132-014-3033-4

PubMed ID:

25371016

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.65978

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/65978

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