Reducing fall risk in the elderly: risk factors and fall prevention, a systematic review

Pfortmüller, Carmen A.; Lindner, Gregor; Exadaktylos, Aristomenis (2014). Reducing fall risk in the elderly: risk factors and fall prevention, a systematic review. Minerva medica, 105(4), pp. 275-281. Minerva Medica

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Falls in the elderly are a major source of injury resulting in disability and hospitalization. They have a significant impact on individual basis (loss of quality of live, nursing home admissions) and social basis (healthcare costs). Even though falls in the elderly are common there are some well studied risk factors. Special emphasis should be put on sarcopenia/frailty, polypharmacy, multimorbidity, vitamin D status and home hazards. There are several well evaluated fall prevention approaches that either target a single fall risk factor or focus on multiple risk factors. It has to be kept in mind that not all fall prevention strategies are useful for all patients as for example dietary substitution of vitamin D is only recommended in people with increased risk for a vitamin D deficiency. Home hazard reduction strategies are more effective when combined with other fall prevention approaches such as for example exercise programs. In conclusion elderly patients should routinely be screened for relevant risk factors and if need an indiviudally targeted fall prevention program compiled.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of General Internal Medicine (DAIM) > Clinic of General Internal Medicine > Centre of Competence for General Internal Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > University Emergency Center

UniBE Contributor:

Pfortmüller, Carmen; Lindner, Gregor and Exadaktylos, Aristomenis

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0026-4806

Publisher:

Minerva Medica

Language:

English

Submitter:

Patricia Rajaonina

Date Deposited:

07 Apr 2015 09:40

Last Modified:

08 Jun 2015 13:35

PubMed ID:

24867188

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/66077

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