Velocity of early BCR-ABL transcript elimination as an optimized predictor of outcome in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients in chronic phase on treatment with imatinib

Hanfstein, B; Shlyakhto, V; Lauseker, M; Hehlmann, R; Saussele, S; Dietz, C; Erben, P; Fabarius, A; Proetel, U; Schnittger, S; Krause, S W; Schubert, J; Einsele, H; Hänel, M; Dengler, J; Falge, C; Kanz, L; Neubauer, A; Kneba, M; Stegelmann, F; ... (2014). Velocity of early BCR-ABL transcript elimination as an optimized predictor of outcome in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients in chronic phase on treatment with imatinib. Leukemia, 28(10), pp. 1988-1992. Nature Publishing Group 10.1038/leu.2014.153

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UNLABELLED Early assessment of response at 3 months of tyrosine kinase inhibitor treatment has become an important tool to predict favorable outcome. We sought to investigate the impact of relative changes of BCR-ABL transcript levels within the initial 3 months of therapy. In order to achieve accurate data for high BCR-ABL levels at diagnosis, beta glucuronidase (GUS) was used as a reference gene. Within the German CML-Study IV, samples of 408 imatinib-treated patients were available in a single laboratory for both times, diagnosis and 3 months on treatment. In total, 301 of these were treatment-naïve at sample collection. RESULTS (i) with regard to absolute transcript levels at diagnosis, no predictive cutoff could be identified; (ii) at 3 months, an individual reduction of BCR-ABL transcripts to the 0.35-fold of baseline level (0.46-log reduction, that is, roughly half-log) separated best (high risk: 16% of patients, 5-year overall survival (OS) 83% vs 98%, hazard ratio (HR) 6.3, P=0.001); (iii) at 3 months, a 6% BCR-ABL(IS) cutoff derived from BCR-ABL/GUS yielded a good and sensitive discrimination (high risk: 22% of patients, 5-year OS 85% vs 98%, HR 6.1, P=0.002). Patients at risk of disease progression can be identified precisely by the lack of a half-log reduction of BCR-ABL transcripts at 3 months.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Haematology and Central Haematological Laboratory

UniBE Contributor:

Baerlocher, Gabriela M.

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0887-6924

Publisher:

Nature Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Verena Zwahlen

Date Deposited:

26 Mar 2015 11:37

Last Modified:

05 Nov 2015 10:09

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/leu.2014.153

PubMed ID:

24798484

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.66089

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/66089

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