The applicability of using different energy levels in CT imaging for differentiation or identification of dental restorative materials.

Kutschy, Josef M; Ampanozi, Garyfalia; Berger, Nicole; Ruder, Thomas; Thali, Michael J; Ebert, Lars C (2014). The applicability of using different energy levels in CT imaging for differentiation or identification of dental restorative materials. Forensic science, medicine, and pathology, 10(4), pp. 543-549. Springer 10.1007/s12024-014-9595-y

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PURPOSE The goal of this study was to investigate whether different computed tomography (CT) energy levels could supply additional information for the differentiation of dental materials for forensic investigations. METHODS Nine different commonly used restorative dental materials were investigated in this study. A total of 75 human third molars were filled with the restorative dental materials and then scanned using the forensic reference phantom in singlesource mode. The mean Hounsfield unit values and standard deviations (SDs) of each material were calculated at 120, 80 and 140 kVp. RESULTS Most of the dental materials could be differentiated at 120 kVp. We found that greater X-ray density of a material resulted in higher SDs and that the material volume could influence the measurements. CONCLUSION Differentiation of dental materials in CT was possible in many cases using single-energy CT scans at 120 kVp. Because of the number of dental restorative materials available and scanner and scan parameter dependence, as well as the CT imaging artifacts, the identification (in contrast to differentiation) was problematic.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology

UniBE Contributor:

Ruder, Thomas

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1556-2891

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Aisha Stefania Mzinga

Date Deposited:

12 Jun 2015 14:58

Last Modified:

07 Aug 2017 13:23

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s12024-014-9595-y

PubMed ID:

25115671

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.66126

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/66126

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