Cell surface levels of endothelial ICAM-1 influence the transcellular or paracellular T-cell diapedesis across the blood-brain barrier

Abadier, Michael Magdy Labib; Haghayegh Jahromi, Neda; Cardoso Alves, Ludmila; Boscacci, Rémy; Vestweber, Dietmar; Barnum, Scott; Deutsch, Urban; Engelhardt, Britta; Lyck, Ruth (2015). Cell surface levels of endothelial ICAM-1 influence the transcellular or paracellular T-cell diapedesis across the blood-brain barrier. European journal of immunology, 45(4), pp. 1043-1058. Wiley-VCH 10.1002/eji.201445125

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The extravasation of CD4(+) effector/memory T cells (TEM cells) across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a crucial step in the pathogenesis of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) or multiple sclerosis (MS). Endothelial ICAM-1 and ICAM-2 are essential for CD4(+) TEM cell crawling on the BBB prior to diapedesis. Here, we investigated the influence of cell surface levels of endothelial ICAM-1 in determining the cellular route of CD4(+) TEM -cell diapedesis across cytokine treated primary mouse BBB endothelial cells under physiological flow. Inflammatory conditions, inducing high levels of endothelial ICAM-1, promoted rapid initiation of transcellular diapedesis of CD4(+) T cells across the BBB, while intermediate levels of endothelial ICAM-1 favored paracellular CD4(+) T-cell diapedesis. Importantly, the route of T-cell diapedesis across the BBB was independent of loss of BBB barrier properties. Unexpectedly, a low number of CD4(+) TEM cells was found to cross the inflamed BBB in the absence of endothelial ICAM-1 and ICAM-2 via an obviously alternatively regulated transcellular pathway. In vivo, this translated to the development of ameliorated EAE in ICAM-1(null) //ICAM-2(-/-) C57BL/6J mice. Taken together, our study demonstrates that cell surface levels of endothelial ICAM-1 rather than the inflammatory stimulus or BBB integrity influence the pathway of T-cell diapedesis across the BBB.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Theodor Kocher Institute
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology > Immunopathology

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences (GCB)

UniBE Contributor:

Abadier, Michael Magdy Labib, Haghayegh Jahromi, Neda, Cardoso Alves, Ludmila, Deutsch, Urban, Engelhardt, Britta, Lyck, Ruth


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Ursula Zingg-Zünd

Date Deposited:

07 Apr 2015 12:37

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:44

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Blood–brain barrier, CD4+ effector/memory T (TEM) cells, Diapedesis, EAE, ICAM-1





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