Is mental practice an effective adjunct therapeutic strategy for upper limb motor restoration after stroke?

Machado, Sergio; Lattari, Eduardo; Souza de Sá, Alberto; Rocha, Nuno B. F.; Yuan, Ti-Fei; Paes, Flávia; Wegner, Mirko; Budde, Henning; Nardi, Antonio Egidio; Arias-Carrión, Oscar (2015). Is mental practice an effective adjunct therapeutic strategy for upper limb motor restoration after stroke? CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets, 14(5), pp. 567-575. Bentham Science Publishers

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Stroke is one of the most common conditions requiring rehabilitation, and its motor impairments are a major cause of permanent disability. Hemiparesis is observed by 80% of the patients after acute stroke. Neuroimaging studies showed that real and imagined movements have similarities regarding brain activation, supplying evidence that those similarities are based on the same process. Within this context, the combination of MP with physical and occupational therapy appears to be a natural complement based on neurorehabilitation concepts. Our study seeks to investigate if MP for stroke rehabilitation of upper limbs is an effective adjunct therapy. PubMed (Medline), ISI knowledge (Institute for Scientific Information) and SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library) were terminated on 20 February 2015. Data were collected on variables as follows: sample size, type of supervision, configuration of mental practice, setting the physical practice (intensity, number of sets and repetitions, duration of contractions, rest interval between sets, weekly and total duration), measures of sensorimotor deficits used in the main studies and significant results. Random effects models were used that take into account the variance within and between studies. Seven articles were selected. As there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups (MP vs Control), showed a – 0.6 (95% CI: –1.27 to 0.04), for upper limb motor restoration after stroke. The present meta-analysis concluded that MP is not effective as adjunct therapeutic strategy for upper limb motor restoration after stroke.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science I

UniBE Contributor:

Wegner, Mirko

Subjects:

700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

1871-5273

Publisher:

Bentham Science Publishers

Language:

English

Submitter:

Mirko Wegner

Date Deposited:

06 Apr 2016 13:11

Last Modified:

12 Sep 2017 02:46

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.66376

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/66376

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